October 3 - Day of German Unity

Brandenburg Gate, symbol of German Unity

Celebrating German Unity

Each year on October 3, Germany marks the day in 1990 when East and West Germany became one Federal Republic of Germany. The peaceful unification of Germany after decades of division would not have been possible without the steadfast support of our American friends.


Celebrating the Day of German Unity

Choosing October 3 as the Day of German Unity

On August 23, 1990, the first freely elected East German parliament voted on the date for German unification, settling on October 3 after weeks of debate within the governing coalition and an intense debate into the wee hours of the morning.

"Two plus Four" conference in Bonn


Following the peaceful revolution in East Germany in 1989, negotiations about the reunification treaty commenced in Berlin in the summer of 1990. Eventually, on October 3, 1990, East Germany acceded to the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany.

Helmut Kohl © picture-alliance/dpa

From the Fall of the Wall to German Unity - A Timeline

Images of happy people from East and West embracing and celebrating on and around the Berlin Wall that night seem to tell the whole story about the triumph over division and oppression and the German people's yearning to be united.

Chancellor Bush and President Bush (c) bpa/Lothar Schaack

Historic Phone Call Between Friends

On the afternoon of October 3, 1990, after a night of joyous celebrating united Germany, Chancellor Helmut Kohl received a phone call from his friend and fellow statesman President George H. W. Bush in Washington.