Quick Facts

State SystemDemocratic parliamentary federal democracy since 1949
Administration16 federal states
Capital CityBerlin, about 3.4 million inhabitants
National FlagThree horizontal stripes in black, red, gold
EmblemStylized Eagle
AnthemThird verse of August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben’s ”Das Lied der Deutschen” to a melody by Joseph Haydn “Kaiserhymne“
State HolidayOctober 3, Day of German Unity
CurrencyGermany is a member of the Eurozone, EUR 1 = 100 cents
Phone Dial Code+49
Internet TLD.de (one of the ten most frequent top-level domains)
Official LanguageGerman. German is the mother tongue of 100 million people and is the mother tongue spoken most frequently in the European Union
LocationCentral Europe
Size357,021 km² (137,847 mi²)
InhabitantsAbout 82 million (Germany has the largest population of any EU member state)
Largest CitiesBerlin (3.4 million inhabitants), Hamburg (1.8m), Munich (1.3m), Cologne (1.0m), Frankfurt/Main (662,000)
Neighboring StatesGermany is located in the heart of Europe and has nine neighbors: Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland, and Switzerland
Borders3,757 km (2,334 mi)
Coastline2,389 km (1,484 mi)
Highest MountainZugspitze 2963 m (9,718 ft)
Longest RiversRhine 865 km (537 mi), Elbe 700 km (435 mi), Danube 647 km (402 mi) in Germany



Quick Facts

Quick Facts Picture (c) www.colourbox.com

National Anthem of the Federal Republic of Germany

Deutsche Nationalhymne Audio File
(© Bundesregierung.de)

The German Flag

German Flag (c) www.wikipedia.org

According to Article 22 of the German Basic Law, the colors of the flag are black, red and gold.