Germany's Diverse Research Landscape
Enlarge image An engineer and a physicist work in the lasor laboratory of the interdisciplinary research project Nano-SIS at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena. (© picture-alliance/ZB ) Science and research in Germany are characterized by a distinguished infrastructure, a wide variety of disciplines, well-equipped research facilities and competent staff. Germany offers various forms of research locations: universities, universities of applied sciences, non-university institutes, companies and federal as well as state Institutions. All in all, there are approximately 750 publicly funded research institutions in Germany, plus research and development centers run by industrial corporations.
In selected fields or regions, these industrial and academic institutions pool their research and development activities in networks and clusters to work more efficiently and to benefit from a higher level of knowledge. Cooperation at European as well as at an international level has also become an essential dimension of science in Germany.
Facts and Figures
- More than 750 public-funded research institutions
- More than 130 networks of excellence
- 480,000 staff in R&D
- 277,000 scientists and scholars
- Bilateral, European and multilateral co-operations with more than 40 countries
- Annual budget: approx. 55.7 billion euros
The annual research budget is up to 55.7 billion euros. Two thirds of research funding is provided by industry. Almost one third comes from federal and state authorities, and the remaining 4 percent from foreign investment. The proportions of public and private funding comply with the type of institution as well as the type of research (basic/applied).