IMPORTANT NOTE: Obligation to provide COVID proof upon entry into Germany
Individuals aged twelve years or older are under a general obligation to provide COVID proof when entering Germany. Upon entry into the Federal Republic of Germany, individuals aged six years or older need to be in possession of proof of testing, proof of recovery or proof of vaccination. As a general rule, COVID tests (antigen tests or PCR tests) must not be older than 48hrs at the time of (planned) entry into Germany. When using a carrier (e.g. an airline) PCR tests must not be older than 48hrs at the time of (planned) departure; antigen tests must not be older than 48hrs at the time of (planned) entry into Germany even when using a carrier.
The obligation to provide COVID proof also applies to airline passengers only transiting at an airport in Germany. This applies to both the non-Schengen transit from and to third countries outside the Schengen area and to the transit from and to Schengen countries.
Proof of testing, proof of recovery or proof of vaccination must be presented to carriers for review prior to the journey. Only in the event of cross-border rail transportation or cross-border short sea shipping proof may also be presented in the course of the journey. Furthermore, upon entry into Germany, proof has to be presented to German border control authorities upon their request.
When entering from an area of virus variants of concern, a PCR test needs to be presented in any event; antigen rapid tests or proof of recovery or of vaccination are not sufficient in this case. When using a carrier (e.g. an airline) PCR tests must not be older than 48hrs at the time of (planned) departure. Furthermore, German authorities may command additional PCR tests following entry into the Federal Republic of Germany, in particular at the place of arrival (e.g. at the airport).
Please consider the following when travelling to Germany from the U.S.:
a) Travelers who are full vaccinated:
- Travelers older than 12 years of age must carry with them a proof of full vaccination and, if demanded by the carrier, present such proof for the purpose of carriage.
- Please additionally inform yourself prior to departure of any possible covid-related requirements of your respective Airline.
- If you received the Johnson & Johnson's Janssen vaccine, only people who received two jabs are considered fully vaccinated.
b) Travelers with an important reason to enter Germany:
- Travelers have to provide proof of their important reason for entering Germany.
- Travelers older than twelve years of age must carry with them a test result or proof of recovery and, if demanded by the carrier, present such proof for the purpose of carriage.
- Please additionally inform yourself prior to departure of any possible covid-related requirements of your respective Airline
Who is regarded as fully vaccinated or recovered?
- Travelers who received all the required doses of a COVID-19 vaccine cited on the website of Paul Ehrlich Institute are considered fully vaccinated (Comirnaty is known in the U.S. as Pfizer). It must be at least 14 days since the last vaccine dose was administered. On entry, travelers must have proof of vaccination in written (e.g. CDC card) or digital form (a cellphone photo is not sufficient). Vaccinated travelers must additionally show no relevant symptoms.
- Travelers who can prove they were previously infected with COVID through a positive PCR test, taken at least 28 days but no more than 90 days prior, and who show no relevant symptoms are considered to be fully recovered.
What sort of COVID-test is accepted, if a test needs to be done in Germany?
Both PCR tests and rapid antigen tests are accepted.
Transit via Germany
Transit travelers with a destination outside Germany who do not leave the international transit area of the airport need to present a negative test or proof of full vaccination or proof of recovery prior to departure to Germany. Please follow entry regulations for your country of destination in any case and also check with your airline for further demands on their side.
Frequently Asked Questions
No information is currently available about how those with a foreign vaccine card (e.g. from the US) can receive a digital COVID certificate which is recognized in Europe. Talks are currently underway regarding recognition of international vaccinations (i.e. received outside the EU). As soon as such information becomes available, we will communicate on this site.